Are you struggling with depression and considering taking antidepressants? These medications can be a helpful treatment option for many people, but it’s important to understand how they work and what the potential side effects are. In this post, we’ll break down the different types of antidepressants and provide some tips on finding the right one for you.
So, how do antidepressants work? These medications help to relieve depression by altering the levels of certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, in the brain. There are several types of antidepressants, each of which works in slightly different ways:
- Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed type of antidepressant. Examples include fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft). SSRIs generally have fewer side effects and are less likely to cause problems at higher doses.
- Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) include medications such as venlafaxine (Effexor XR) and duloxetine (Cymbalta).
- Atypical antidepressants include trazodone and mirtazapine (Remeron).
- Tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline and doxepin, are associated with higher rates of side effects and are generally not prescribed before other antidepressants have been tried.
- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) are another type of antidepressant. Examples include phenelzine (Nardil) and tranylcypromine (Parnate). These medications can have dangerous interactions with certain foods and medications and may cause side effects, so they are usually only prescribed when other medications have failed. However, selegiline (Emsam), an MAOI that is applied as a patch to the skin, may cause fewer side effects.
If you’re interested in trying an antidepressant, here are some tips for finding the right one for you:
- Be patient. It can take up to 6-8 weeks for an antidepressant to start working.
- Take your medication consistently and at the correct dose.
- If you experience side effects, see if they improve over time.
- Consult with your doctor if the medication doesn’t seem to be working well.
- Consider trying psychotherapy in addition to medication.
- Don’t stop taking an antidepressant without talking to your doctor first.
- Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs while taking antidepressants.
If you’ve been diagnosed with depression and are looking for new treatment options, consider participating in a clinical research study with us. We can help you find a study that meets your needs and lifestyle.